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To make a sentence negative, we put ne and pas around the verb.
In Passé Composé, ne and pas go around the auxiliary verb.
In Reflexive Verbs, the ne goes before the reflexive pronoun.
In Imperatives, ne and pas goes around the command.
If two verbs are used together, ne and pas usually go around the first verb.
If there is an extra pronoun before the verb, ne goes before it.

Examples :
Je ne bois pas de thé. [I don't drink tea]
Sophie ne joue pas au tennis. [Sophie doesn't play tennis]
Passé Composé
Les sœurs ne sont pas allées au cinéma. [The sisters didn't go to the movies]
Je n' ai pas joué au tennis. [I didn't play tennis]
Reflexive Verbs
Paul ne se lève pas. [Paul is not getting up.]
Paul ne s'est pas levé tôt. [Paul didn't get up early]
N'oublie pas ton manteau. [Don't forget your overcoat.]
N'allons pas au cinéma. [Let's not go to the movie.]
Two Verbs Together
Je ne veux pas boire ça. [I don't want to drink that.]
Nous n'allons pas visiter nos parents ce week-end. [We are not going to visit our parents this weekend]
Extra Pronoun before the Verb
Je n'en ai pas. [I haven't any.]
Je ne lui a pas donné le cadeau. [I didn't give him/her the gift]
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Use de after the negative instead of du, de la, des, un or une
except with verb être and after ne...que.

Examples :
Je ne bois pas de lait. [I don't drink milk.]
Ce n'est pas un stylo. [This is not a pen]
Je n'ai qu'un stylo. [I have only one pen]
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no more ; no longer ; none left.

Examples :
Il n' habite plus en Italie. [He no longer lives in Italy]
Il n'en a plus. [There's no more left]
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nothing ; not anything.

Examples :
Il n'y a rien sur la table. [There's nothing on the table]
Paul ne veut rien. [Paul doesn't want anything]
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never ; not ever.

Examples :
Ali n'est jamais allé à Paris. [Ali has never been to Paris]
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nobody ; not anybody.
In Passé Composé, personne goes after the past participle.

Examples :
Il n'y a personne dans la rue. [There is nobody on the road]
Elle n'a vu personne dans la classe. [She didn't see anyone in the class]
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nowhere ; not anywhere.
In Passé Composé, nulle part goes after the past participle.

Examples :
On ne le vu nulle part. [We didn't see it anywhere]
Elle ne va nulle part. [She isn't going anywhere]
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nothing ; nobody.
Rien & Personne, are subjects in these sentences.

Examples :
Personne n'est venu. [Noone came]
Rien n'a changé. [Nothing changed]
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In Passé Composé, que goes after the past participle.

Examples :
On n' a qu' une heure. [We only have an hour]
Elle n'est restée que deux jours à Delhi. [She stayed only two days in Delhi]
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NE … NI … NI

neither … nor ; not either … or.
NE, NI, NI go before the word they refer to.

Examples :
Je ne bois ni de thé ni de café. [I don't drink neither tea nor coffee]
Elle ne connît ni lui ni ses parents. [She knows neither him nor his parents]
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no ; not any.
Aucun [aucune, aucuns, aucunes] is an adjective and agrees with the noun which follows it.

Examples :
Il n' y a aucun hôtel dans ce village. [There's no hotel in this village]
Ça n'a aucune importance. [This doesn't have any importance]
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